This study aims to understand factors related to hospital-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in rural Ecuador. Following a visual public service announcement (PSA), persons aged 18 or older were invited to complete an anonymous survey in a hospital waiting room. Comparing those who volunteered for an HIV test (n=269, 63.4%) to those who did not (n=155, 36.6%), there was a positive association between past testing and testing the day of survey administration (p
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