Medical voluntourism involves medically untrained individuals travelling to a community abroad to set up health education workshops, complete observational work or even perform basic clinical tasks. Often, these volunteers are students who are applying to medical school and are seeking out an international clinical experience. Although the ethics of global short-term medical outreach by medical school students and health professionals has been examined, the ethical implications of international pre-medical volunteer experiences have not been well described. This paper critically examines the costs and benefits of pre-medical voluntourism for the health of communities abroad. It is primarily concerned with medically-untrained individuals’ increased scope of practice in international healthcare settings. Specifically, this investigation asks: Is the use of medically unskilled volunteers for clinical tasks in the developing world ethical? Whose interests do medical voluntourism projects serve? Ultimately, this analysis does not suggest that pre-medical students should avoid engaging with health disparities abroad, but rather that it is necessary to actively question how healthcare-related volunteering abroad is carried out.